Yes, but only when we tie the definition of economic growth to the merit of renewable evolutionary progress and strengthening, rather than our bronze-age enslavement to wealth creation.
Growth for the sake of growth is the ideology of a cancer cell. — Edward Abbey
The pursuit of wealth creation may make one person (or an oligarchic collection of people) the richest in the cemetery; it offers very little renewable value to the evolution of mankind. Wealth creation is, therefore, not the cause nor the indicator of economic prosperity, it can at best be a consequence.
So yes, when we assign economic growth to the evolution of humanity, we can grow “indefinitely” until nature’s entropy puts the smackdown on us.